When we were children we listened to the stories that our elders tried to transmit to us as a legacy, it is legitimate to confess that it was almost never known where fiction began and where we had to find the rigor of the story. The great doses of romance with which humble legends are adorned, serve as gold leaf in the coating of modest materials, when it seems that the only important thing is to use tricks with which to try to awaken our interest. Of the many hours I spent listening to my grandfather tell stories, and how I long for, Seron's Bride, who was traveling to Baza to marry the Warden, piqued my later curiosity, doubting many times about the veracity of the story, until I began to inquire into her, also as a symbol of my roots. That the raptor gave the beautiful captive back to her father and that she gave him a valuable pendant and a fabulous mule's head, It seems taken from one of the famous "Tales of the Alhambra".
It is not easy to find such a wonderful story, where all the protagonists had a happy ending, even though we talk about a war encounter. It has the peculiarity that it covers three different territories, the provinces of Granada being involved, Almeria and Murcia. The war against the Kingdom of Granada was the subject of continuous battles and skirmishes. The reconquering momentum of the Crown of Castile served as a stimulating spur to those seeking honor and fortune, their own interests precede those of the political and religious reunification of the territories of the Iberian Peninsula, where the Nasrid kingdom lived its last years after centuries of splendor.
History attributes to the advanced Lorca the episode known as the Bride of Serón, occurred in the year 1440 according to the data provided by the reliable transcripts of the Pérez de Hita manuscripts, made by Father Morote, Although investigations by Joaquín Espín Rael date the historical event in 1478, using the testimony of Juan Matheos de San Pedro. According to the assertions of Pérez de Hita, the confrontation between the Forty of Lorca and the entourage that escorted the daughter of the Alcaide de Serón to Baza and the patrol that came to her rescue later, it happened six years before Aben Osmin entered the Hoya de Baza, with the taking of Benamaurel, where the death of D is taken for granted. Diego López de Guevara, who captained the Forty.
Although the return to Lorca of the expedition did not enjoy recognition by the Warden, not having the approval of the city authority, if the fact that they returned alive and with an important herd of cattle was a great joy, captives and other perks. The event became a legend from the very first story by Pérez de Hita, persisting in time and in the memory of people who insisted on remembering the ancient crusade, how D. Lope gisbert, who with the romance "La Hazaña de los Cuarenta" was awarded at the Floral Games held in Murcia in 1875. But it was Juan López Barnés who could contribute in a more decisive way to its propagation., both cultured and popular, being a subject of extraordinary value for romantics, so he makes a dramatic adaptation of the story and the 23 November 1890 "La Novia de Serón" arrives at the theater and is represented in Lorca.
The rest of the arts were not alien to the legend. In rebirth, the painter Alonso de Monreal used the heroic adventure to capture a commemorative work in 1625, just like Miguel Muñoz de Córdoba would do in the baroque, with a signed painting between 1722 – 1723, which is currently exhibited at the Lorca City Council. On the theft of Serón's girlfriend, a fresco interpretation was also performed on the transept of the sanctuary of the Virgen de las Huertas, which has its origin in a hermitage-church of medieval origin from the XV century.
But let's talk about the nod that the daughter of the Warden of Serón gave to her Christian kidnapper. At the "Juan Torreblanca" History Center in Serón, the skirmish of the rapture and subsequent delivery of the Bride, occupies one of the thematic fronts in which the exhibition discourse of the Center is broken down. There is a photographic reproduction of the historic bridle with which D was presented.. Diego, which became part of the luxurious saddle rigs of Queen Isabel La Católica herself, as contrasted in the inventory "Gold Things" of "Inventories of the Catholic King, 1504”. A fragment of this fantastic headdress is preserved in the National Archaeological Museum, made of leather, silk and hilo de plata, executed with casting and enamel technique, Donation of Pedro Navarro in April 1889. The rest of the set of the halter, It was kept privately by a Lorca family, finding herself missing since 1934. Thanks to the photographs deposited in the Espín Cultural Fund, we can access the original composition of the halter, what has served as a reference document for its study and analysis. It is probable that the set was divided into independent elements to obtain ornamental pieces for personal use.
The notoriety and pride provided by the historical fact of "The Bride of Serón" as a symbol of chivalry and bravery, It was later used by the President of the Regency of the Kingdom of Spain, D. Joaquín Mosquera and Figueroa in 1812, who wrote a series of "Proclamations of the Regency" from Cádiz, to alert the Spanish territories and mobilize their people before Napoleon's invasion, pursuing fidelity towards Ferdinand VII evoking the spirit of the Forty.
The creation of the "Juan Torreblanca" History Center in Serón is a perfect excuse for the vast past of Serón and Almanzora to be disclosed and valued in these times of humanist crisis and indifference to local values. ??
Francisco Javier Fernandez Espinosa.