VIII Days of History in Tíjola

Local History Days of Tíjola were pioneers in the Almanzora

From 1993 Tíjola been held in the Conference History, organized by the Historical-Cultural Association, currently chaired by Juan Jimenez Salas who is also the head of the municipal historical archive.

With a four-year periodicity, Days have occurred regularly, always with the support of all political corporations that have been at the forefront of the mayor of the town, which reveals the link between this unique cultural initiative and social support received over the years.

Historical-Cultural Association

As it reflected in the minutes of the first session, The Association was established on 4 November 1995, picking up the baton of a previous manager who was in charge until then organizing the Second Conference, to be held in 1996, as well as the formalities necessary for the constitution of the Association. The 25 September was registered with the number 1720 in the Ministry of Interior of the Government of Andalusia. Having defined the statutes, the Executive Council was formed by Juan Jimenez Salas as Chairman, accompanied by the Vice President Lázaro Pérez Villalba. The Treasurer was Manuel Oliver Pozo and Vowels, Gonzalo Pozo Oller and Rafael Sánchez Sánchez.


Local History Days

I Days were held in the year 1992, but without a specific topic of interest to the audience that attended the presentations. The following conferences were held:

  • “kind: After the Roman traces of a City” by Pedro Reina Sola.
  • “The identity of Tíjola in their rites, customs and traditions: Need for Ethnological Museum Tíjola” by Gonzalo Pozo Oller.
  • “Islamic tíjola. historical approach through the material remains” by Rafael Pozo Marín.
  • “D. Lazaro Rodriguez Lozano (Maestro Lazaro) Notes of a life” by Juan Jimenez Salas.
  • “religious roots of the city of Tíjola” by Manuel Pozo Oller.
  • “Moriscos and new population. Rupture or continuity? by Pilar Martínez Acosta.

The Second Conference, in 1996, They followed the path of the I, addressing issues of great local interest, exposed as follows:

  • “Christ School Tíjola: historical and social life of an institution tercentenary” by Manuel Pozo Oller.
  • “evocations Tijoleñas” Julio Ruiz Guiard.
  • “Tíjola and its symbolism through stones” by José Pérez García.
  • “Wladikavdaz and Tíjola: meeting of two cultures” by Asamat Kabbysov and Joaquin Socías Marqués.
  • “Restocking the emigrations or the long shadow of cultural indefiniteness” by Rafael López Pozo.
  • “Idol Tíjola. <<Roque>> The identity of a people” by José María Oliver Pozo.
  • “Carnival as a feast: from the profane to the sacred in the carnival of Tíjola” by Gonzalo Pozo Oller.
  • Exposition: “Farmhouses and rural areas in Tíjola” compiled by Emilio Lopez Iniesta.

For the Third Conference first appears as a thematic thread running through conferences. In this case, the theme was “Second Republic and Civil War”. The program consisted of presentations:

  • “Tíjola during the Spanish Civil War” by Rafael Quirosa-Cheyrouze Muñoz.
  • “demographic cross-sectional study notes for a Family. tíjola 1935” by Juan Enrique Jimenez Salas.
  • “Thirty in Tíjola. An historical and economic perspective” by Andres Sanchez Picon.
  • “The Civil Registry as a source of demographic information. The natural growth of population of Tíjola in the Thirties” by Sebastian Fernandez Navarro-Soto.
  • “Tíjola education and environment in the period 1931-1939. Results of a historical-educational research” Fernando Lopez Noguero.

In 2004 the Fourth Conference focused on the theme of “Tíjola during the Restoration” Its activity was on Freemasonry, the population, political operation, everyday life and fifths, at the following conferences:

  • “Tijoleña population during the Restoration (1875-1931)” by Eduardo de los Reyes.
  • “Spaces of sociability in Tíjola at the time of the Restoration” by Juan Martinez and Gonzalo Pozo Torreblanca Oller.
  • “young, fifth and soldiers Tíjola Restoration (1875-1900)” by María del Carmen López Carreño.
  • Annexes I and II “The flour mill” and “La Cerra Tíjola” by Ernesto Suarez Carrillo.

For the V Conference was taken as the main argument “Literature in Tíjola”. They were inaugurated with a conference on “José María Álvarez de Sotomayor and Valle del Almanzora” by Gonzalo Pozo Oller, with the participation of local authors Ana Egea Hervas, Francisco Javier Fernandez Espinosa, Ginés Sánchez García, José Bermúdez Corpas, José María Oliver Pozo, Serafín Pérez Pozo, Reche Francisco Lara, Purification Sanchez Montes, Ernesto Carrillo Suarez and Gonzalo Pozo own Oller, who in various interventions, concerts and round tables discussed the literary tradition of the municipality.

In 2012, VI Days served as a stage for three lectures and a communication:

  • “Settlement and society during the recent Prehistory in the Upper Almanzora” by Gabriel Martínez Fernández.
  • “Tagil Ibero-Punic. State of affairs” by Rafael Pozo Marín.
  • “Tagili and its territory from the Roman conquest to the time altoimperial” by Maria Juana Lopez Medina.
  • Communication: “archaeological heritage” by Carmen Maria Acosta Pozo.

The opening of the VII Conference, under the theme “Postwar”, It was conducted by Rafael Muñoz Quirosa-Cheyrouze, with a lecture entitled “The Franco regime in the early 40s”.

All proceedings of the conference have been published by the Hon. City Hall and the IEA, except those of the VII Conference that are currently in press,

In the words of Juan Jimenez Salas “everything done so far, in this historiographical space, It has been transformed into a path that leads to a door, whose threshold must pass, applying different criteria for viability, to improve and deepen the conceptual framework, whose structure we defined broadly, and should serve to clarify shuttle in next Days”.

VIII Days of History

Next 30 July the VIII Conference will open, entitled “andalusíes pages of Alto Almanzora”, with the following program:

  • Tuesday 30 July. Inaugural conference. “De almunias and farmsteads in the Alto Almanzora. The nazarí-morisca ceramic Aldeire, Bayarque and Armuña” by Rafael Pozo Marín.
  • Wednesday 31 July. “Ibn Tufail: Aristotle, Averroes and Tíjola” by Francisco Javier Fernandez Espinosa.
  • Thursday 1 August. “The Moriscos Games Aben Humeya: historical context and paradigm of the importance of intangible heritage at the service of local development” by Manuel Sola Bernabé.
  • Friday 2 August. “Morisca Rebellion and Tíjola. The Siege of D. Juan de Austria” by Valeriano Sanchez Ramos.
  • Saturday 3 August. Guided tour Hisn Burxana (Purchena)
  • Sunday 4 August. Andalusian flamenco-concert music by the group Zalema.

This edition of History Conference is organized by the Historical-Cultural Association of Tíjola, under the patronage of His Excellency. Tíjola City Council and the Council of Almería and the collaboration of the Cultural Association Purchena Moon Guild and the UNESCO Center of Andalusia.


Francisco Javier Fernandez Espinosa. Member of the Historic-Cultural Association of Tíjola and partner of UNESCO Center of Andalusia.