The second excavation campaign around the medieval farmhouse at the Macael Viejo site ends

The General Research project (PGI) currently underway on the Macael Viejo deposit, funded by the municipality of this municipality and the PFEA managed by the Almería Provincial Council, the second phase in which they have analyzed 18 graves of the 50 that have been excavated linked to three centuries of operation of the Islamic farmhouse.

Field work, that have three consecutive years of archaeological activities, have focused on one of the sectors of the medieval necropolis, where the team coordinated by the archaeologist Santiago Moreno Pérez have analyzed the tombs from an archaeological and anthropological perspective.

As reported by the Macaelense city council, It is one of the most interesting and oldest sectors of what was once an extensive cemetery of almost two hectares linked to the approximately three centuries of operation of the Islamic farmhouse.

Its state of conservation has facilitated the complete analysis of the structures, also from the anthropological perspective since, in addition to having documented cases of violent deaths, it has been verified “a high percentage of burials of very young perinatal and infant individuals”.

However, most of the campaign has been dedicated to the medieval cistern, which has been fully excavated and awaiting consolidation work on the complex with a view to its future enhancement as an element that can be visited, as it is complete in the absence of the covering vault.

It is one of the most outstanding buildings in the settlement, which should have required a significant mobilization of technical resources, human and economic, and that with an estimated capacity of up to 130.000 liters is one of the largest in the Almanzora region, so it must have been one of the main water resources of the town.

De facto, the cistern is so far the oldest medieval context known at the site (mid 13th century), so perhaps it is an endowment linked to the founding moments of the farmhouse.

In addition to the documentation of the cistern, that will allow a complete analysis of the structure, in the space where it was built, the presence of prehistoric contexts has been confirmed, forming part of the Neolithic village installed on the hill, and romans, because the great medieval cistern was built on the remains of a large building from this stage.

The ongoing investigation of this building will contribute to the knowledge of the small low imperial mountain settlements, hitherto hardly known and traditionally overshadowed by the splendor of the great contemporary villae, but that constitute contexts of interest to investigate the transformations of the settlement and society in the last moments of the Roman imperial administration in the West.