ICOM network chooses a theme each year for the International Museum Day, aimed at sharing the concern of the museum community with society. In 2016 The event revolves around the theme: Museums and Cultural Landscapes. Highlight the link existing between museums and the Cultural Heritage, It is also bring up the idea of museums as a regional center for active protection of the cultural landscape.
On the occasion of this event, Municipal Historical Museum of the City of Vera, in collaboration with the Municipal Archives and sponsored by the Department of Culture, organizes a thematic exhibition on Vera in Antigua Cartography, in which all history is collected from the existence and permanence of this city and its historical vicissitudes, since its foundation and three changes of location within the landscape of the Levant almeriense in its long existence, and the configuration of its importance to the continually be reflected in the various mappings throughout its history.
As special activity Exposure opens 'Vera through Historical Cartography' to be displayed until the next day 4 June at the Casa de la Cultura veratense, for activities with schools and public interested in knowing where the presence of Vera is reflected in the ancient cartography as part of its evolution within the historic landscape mapping.
THE EXHIBITION MAPPING
Maps bring us to the knowledge of the territory
Since ancient times, man has attempted to represent space reliably to describe the territory and thus traverse, explore and exploit its resources. That graphic representation of the Earth or part of it on a flat surface is what is called map. In it are represented by signs, graphic symbols and colors, a set of data previously collected, analyzed, refined and synthesized.
The first maps drawn by primitive peoples consisted of a series of simple strokes, made for example on the wet ground, with which indicate the direction or position of any element or relevant milestone. Greek civilization with maps are made trying to capture the information provided by travelers and adventurers. Claudius Ptolemy (II d.c.), collecting the knowledge of his predecessors (Thales, Aristotle, Hipparchus, Eratosthenes to Strabo), He devised a method for determining coordinates based on meridians and parallels. In this manner, made maps of the known world giving coordinates the most important places with latitude and longitude. While they contained significant errors, an approach was achieved reality rather than merit, especially taking into account the technical limitations of the time.
Since then, and long, there were no major cartographic progress until, in the middle of the fourteenth century, a new interest arises because of the need to locate ports, cities and other relevant places for maritime trade in the Mediterranean. With the discovery of new lands a big boost occurs in the development of cartography. They propose new systems projections, apply new techniques of representation and reproduction (printing techniques are perfected and invented the printing press) and new applications are discovered mapping and land in different professional fields.
After, the evolution of techniques and technologies has allowed to obtain high-quality cartographic output, much more real and representative of the territory. Today maps are a tool of common and fundamental work on knowledge, interpretation and management of the territory, and its landscape captured in its topographical graphics.