"When capitalism is understood as only truth is dangerous".
Geographically, Timbuktu was in the so-called "road Ink", name under which the route passed through the border of the Sahara Desert known, real hotbed of cultural exchange. That city, focus of Wisdom, was a strategic point of influence of the Niger bend, where many fled Andalusian settled or expelled from Spain of the Catholic Kings. Among them was Ali ben Zyrab to Kuti, he left Toledo in 1468, through Morocco, Algeria, Mecca and Mauritania, to settle with his companions in Gumbu, Closest to Timbuktu. This hispanogodo lawyer converted to Islam on his journey carrying numerous documents, that was the germ of the guardians wonderful file their descendants thereafter.
Ismael Diadié (1957, Timbuktu), researcher, poet and essayist, It is the last heir of Kati. On it rests a custody compounds funds documents from the twelfth century speak of Medicine, Science, right, philosophy, music, mathematics, history and poetry. One of its jewels is the familiar "Tarik El-Fettash", text of the fifteenth century regarded as the first African history told by Africans.
The responsibility that history has caused deposited Ismael who knows the bitterness of exile. The political instability of Mali made his life knew other countries where shelter from the intolerant. He lived in Switzerland, France and Spain, where finally, its diaspora and its cause stalled in the sensitivity of intellectuals, those led by José Ángel Valente and members as Saramago, Muñoz Molina o Juan Goytisolo, drew up a manifesto to which many personalities of culture and society joined, with a warning that it was about the uncertain future of the manuscripts. We share a common friendship of Antonio Llaguno.
The Council of Institutional Relations of the Junta de Andalucía, following the recommendations and drafted in the nineteenth century reports by teachers of the University of Illinois, Jhon Hunwick y Albrecht Hofheinz, considered the world's foremost experts on African medieval Islamic texts, It finalized an agreement with the Kati family concept of cooperation, whereby a building of up to house in Timbuktu and host the Andalusian Library, equipped with more than seven thousand manuscripts Andalusian authors, apostate Christians, Jewish merchants and various Arab Theme, up 2002 saved in adobe houses and trunks.
What is your impression of the situation in Europe, and by extension Spain?
– It is a responsibility shared globally. I see a great social unrest Spain, political and economic. The desire to see out of a situation that is perceived prolonging too.
Is capitalism that intolerant fundamentalism?
– Any system of ends is somewhat bearable. When capitalism is understood as only truth becomes dangerous, as fundamentalism. It becomes unbearable. All systems have believed absolute truth have ended in
Are there business jihadists?
– Surely. Heaven and earth do not walk behind many fought and there are also many foundations pragmatism of economic interests.
Does the exile is purely ideological, or cultural factors are also involved?
– Exile is much more than ideological. First is an internal factor, where one feels uprooted. That is the exile, either at home or in other land.
In April 2012, Timbuktu falls into jihadi hands. How was your flight?
– We can hardly speak of escape. Rather starting ... although deep-reflects- action is to go running, since we've been doing for over five hundred years ago, either religious grounds or other. In July 1498 my ancestor arrived in Algeria and said in a manuscript purchased by 225 grams of gold, I was going to Africa to seek peace, fleeing Christian extremism. 545 years later I had to catch fleeing manuscripts Jihadist Islam. My ancestors had to go from one city or another looking for peace. I've come to feel gloomy naive adds- when looking for something in this world that does not exist. Peace and quiet, Confucius taught as, only found in cemeteries.
Does the current situation in Mali ensures the survival of the Library and its funds?
– The current situation in Mali does not warrant or the lives of their men or their heritage-states flatly. The new president is a man well prepared, and that gives me some hope, although my faith in humans and countries is very limited. Mali historically has been for black Africa what Greece was to Europe and Egypt for the Arab. Mali can leave this step. Will.
"I have done my duty, with family and library ".
The agreement with the Andalusian provided for the dissemination of funds Kati, although this was interrupted by the political "instability" of the area. Do you think a similar renegotiation possible in the conditions and events developed by Medina Sidonia Foundation with different administrations and universities?
– The Duchess of Medina Sidonia was a good friend. He showed me his library and we talked about Kati Fund. He said we should keep doors open, because heritage is important and very fragile. We had arranged to see each other and work together. We had planned arrangements. It was a major loss, for his advice, experience and overview, something that not everyone values. Like Valente, was another irreparable loss to me. Was regarded as someone who learn. Nowadays, Kati Fund will walk by the light of Luisa Isabel and I'm opening the Kati background with universities and companies, in order to safeguard heritage. I have 56 years and I will not eternizarme in the direction of this library. I have done my duty and devoted much of my life to the unification of the library. I have done my duty, with family and library.
Would it be feasible an agreement with the government of Mali for the transfer of the manuscripts to Spain, thus increasing economic engagement and involvement, establishing such an office in the José Ángel Valente Foundation?
– A convenio with Mali is not the case, Kati since funds are private property even they can be considered assets of Mali. For there to be part of this heritage in Spain, not rule, Like elsewhere. The sense that you can give Valente is the love and the struggle that took its time to save funds. The Kati family has its roots in Spain and uses that as reason enough to be based in Spain. Valente is another reason. In his last hours he called to tell me it was the last communication we would have and to continue with the struggle to save funds. It has been my teacher.
UNESCO launched in Mali's Ahmed Baba library 1973, endowed with 20000 manuscripts.
Do you think that UNESCO does everything possible in relation to these funds?
– I think UNESCO can do it all, but needs a tighter global political heritage.
What would have happened if the French had managed to find manuscripts that both craved?
– If the French had found the funds, family would not exist today because the library is our column. To view our heritage we should have gone to the National Library of Paris and pay rates.
Do you practice any political tendency?
– I did not vote even once. I do not belong to any political party. I am a monarchist, and I believe that the monarchy should survive in the XXI century (says firmly) because it can be a balancing factor in divided societies.
Do you think the Internet as a tool for transmission of wisdom?
– No wisdom. Communication if. Internet is a medium. Wisdom is internal and personal. On facebook you can read reviews of the great sages of history. Heraclitus said that "the multiple know does the wise".
Do you think the current world progresses, or however it is also in a recession parallel to the economy?
– The eternal progress there.
And in the global?
– I think more individuality. Talking specifically African Union, in the current state is an error. You talk about the union of artificial states created regardless of the political reality of the African continent.
Are you confident that the XXI century will be the confirmation of Africa as an emerging continent, politically and economically?
– According to the Western model, yes i do. But has there ever been independence in Africa? asks skeptical.
Solemn and serene, barefoot and with a book in his hands Vicente Alexandre, goodbye to me. He perceives a common spirituality, with accompanying his long crusade for the memory of his family, history and culture that knows no boundaries nor localism. He told me that with Desmond Tutu (Nobel Prize) has started a prayer for peace worldwide. Listen to them while we can.
By Francisco Javier Fernández Espinosa, Director of elAlmanzora.com.
Cuevas de Almanzora, August 2013.