The area of Culture of the Provincial de Almería and the Institute of Almería Studies (IEA) They have prepared an extensive program of activities to commemorate, during this 2018 and part of 2019, the 450 anniversary of the Revolt of the Moriscos, that occurred in the year 1568 and with its epicenter in the region of the Alpujarra of Almeria and Granada.
Almería Provincial Council has welcomed Tuesday the presentation of this cultural program that aims to remember and disseminate “a historic event that marked a before and after in the province”. Deputy Culture, Antonio Jesus Rodriguez, He explained that the IEA has designed a series of lectures, guided tours, exhibitions and publishing a tutorial on this historical fact, which it will be supported by other actions organized by the area heads.
So, the Provincial Government provided the organization, between the months of May and June, a series of concerts on '450 years of popular music and courtesans’ in charge of the groups' La Danserye’ and Morisca Band. These actions will reach the municipalities of Abrucena, Albanchez, Cuevas del Almanzora, Dalías, Felix, Padules, Purchena and Terque.
Antonio Jesus Rodriguez has indicated that, within this historical commemoration, They have prepared two exhibitions that will tour the province in the coming months. So, the exhibition "The Christian and Moorish Spain from the s. XVI. Clothing guide’ You can be seen in Purchena, Alboloduy, Padules and Laujar de Andarax; while 'The kitchen in Al-Andalus: hispanomusulmana eight hundred years of culinary tradition on your table’ It will pass through Purchena, Vélez-Blanco, Alboloduy, Vera, He pulled, Padules and Laujar de Andarax.
On the other hand, Culture area edited two publications this year. On the one hand, the 'Kitchen Cookbook Al-Andalus', written by historian Mabel Villagra, with illustrations by Celia Coe; and, for another, the 'Guide civilian and military clothing of s. XVI’, Villagra also written and illustrated by Coe.
Last, Almería Provincial Council has scheduled holding a series of historic days in different municipalities. The first meeting will be in Tahal, which will hold its second conference Historical 'The Joraique’ during the days 21 and 22 September. Also in September, between days 17 and 23, Alboloduy the town house a conference on the '450 anniversary of the uprising of the Moors'.
Also, of 3 to the 11 Laujar de Andarax November will host the 'Encounters with History', and the area of Culture will also participate in the International Congress' 450th anniversary of the War of the Alpujarras: remember the war, build peace ', in which there will be complementary activities as a historical parade of the sixteenth century, exhibitions and book presentations related to the subject to be treated.
As the Institute of Almería Studies, He has been commissioned to push, from the Department of History, the commemoration of “a religious confrontation in medieval times it was a fundamental fact in the history of Spain”. For this, He has enjoyed the cooperation of “Valeriano Sanchez Ramos, academician of the Royal Andalusian Academy of History and May specialist Morisca Rebellion”.
So, Valeriano Sanchez Ramos himself is responsible for delivering three lectures throughout the year on various aspects of the Moorish rebellion of the Alpujarras. The first date, as it explained by Francisco Alonso, head of the IEA, will be on Thursday 14 June, to 20,00 hours, in Unicaja Almeria Cultural Hall. At the inaugural conference, Sanchez Ramos will speak of 'The Revolt of the Moriscos in Almeria land. A conflict of XVI century with a difficult coexistence '.
The next presentation will be the 5 October, to 19,00 hours, in the Hall of St. Peter's Square, de Beat, and, in her, Valeriano Sanchez Ramos will focus on 'Rise of the Lower Alpujarra and the bloody Battle of Berja'. The activity will be complemented by a guided tour “places where the actual events occurred, with the aim of contextualizing” this event: the Tower of Enciso, Water Street and the scene of the Battle of Berja.
The lecture series will close 20 November, to 19,00 hours at the Convento de la Victoria Vera, with a presentation by Sánchez Ramos on 'The Moorish war in Almeria Axarquía. The siege of the city of Vera by Aben Humeya ', with which it is intended to demonstrate how “rebellion affected the entire province, localizase though its epicenter was in the counties of Andarax and Almanzora”, Alonso has pointed out.
The IEA has also programmed a route guidance on 'morisca uprising Valley Andarax’ for the next one 22 September. In this activity, which will connect the towns of Huécija, Canjáyar and Ohanes, scenario “the bloodiest battle” the conflict between “Old Christians and New Christians”, It will feature speeches by Carlos Villoria, Doctor of History, and Alfonso Ruiz, Doctor in Art History, both members of the IEA.
Last, It has been prepared “an exhibition very informative panels to understand and learn what this rebellion meant to Almería from all points of view: the scientist, the cultural, social, or religious, inter alia”.
Face to 2019, This sample was completed with the publication of the Teaching Guide 'Revolt of the Moriscos in Almeria lands', with which it is intended to “a complete and comprehensive information from the scientific point of view and from the historical rigor of a fundamental fact in the history of Almeria and Spain”.
Historian Carlos Villoria explained that the Morisca Rebellion of the Alpujarras “was a civil war with consequences for Almería, which he pitted old and new Christians, Moors, who rebelled against Christian oppression, after a difficult cohabitation, in which they came to prohibit the use of their language, Arab culture and traditions”.
The event, which began at Christmas 1568, had international relevance and “Moriscos asked for help from Turkey, Morocco, Algeria and other Arab countries, and they succeeded in having an army of 25.000 combatants in the year 1570, 5.000 them, foreign”.
Finally, the troops of Juan of Austria ended the conflict in 1571, which meant “the destruction of Almeria and the expulsion of the Moriscos of the Alpujarra, the mountains where they had lived and farmed for centuries, who they remained depopulated after the expulsion of 50.000 Granada and Almeria people”, He stressed Villoria.
The historian pointed out that this historical event had “terrible consequences for Almería, which it was sunk during the XVII and XVII centuries and began to pick up in the nineteenth”.