Depopulation and desertification after 33 years without the train Guadix Baza Lorca Almanzora

Machine train station restored in Tíjola.

Machine train station restored in Tíjola.

“when the 31 December 1984 the Government of Spain unfairly closed the railway line Guadix-Almendricos, It was not only destroying the main backbone of transport between the regions of southeast peninsular, but also it condemned the depopulation and desertification, well abandonment and insecurity, one of the most deprived areas of the country”

Thus the report that the Friends Association of the Railway District of Baza drawn up on the socioeconomic situation and infrastructure in the territory through which ran the old railway line starts, and whose reopening has spent decades fighting.

this report, called “Depopulation and desertification after 33 years without the train Guadix Baza Lorca Almanzora”, He has been sent to the Prime Minister and the Minister of Public Works, so that the harsh reality of the area make these public authorities encourage the reopening of the railway line. Studying official population data since the early eighties and the date of closing of the railway line until the end of the year 2017, it is concluded that almost all the municipalities of the eleven regions of influence area of ​​the old railway line have suffered a significant drop in population, except for the most directly related to the “boom” Marble recent years.

Are striking the population decreases in the heads of Guadix (of the 21.000 inhabitants in the middle of the decade 1980 until 18.700 of the year 2017) and Baza (of 22.000 a 20.500); also in major towns in the area as Gor (of 1.600 a 700), Pannier (of 3.500 a 2.080), Tíjola (of 4.000 a 3.500), Singing (of 3.500 a 3.000) and so on. The loss of population in these regions has been accompanied in parallel increasing desertification in the area. In the more than 200.000 hectares at serious risk of desertification, totally desertified, Southeast peninsular, It has much to do the destruction of vegetation cover, soil erosion and rainfall deficit, but also has greatly influenced the closure of the railway line that ran them and the activities related directly or indirectly (industrial activities, agricultural, services, etc.)

The cold statistics are sampled from the tragic reality of an area that has deposited on the train back much of the hopes for a better present and future. That is why we insist to the highest state authorities in the field to give priority to this project happen.

From the Friends Association of the Railway District of Baza presentation of this report is used to claim the Government to increase the 1,6 million from the budget for drafting the mandatory reopening Feasibility Study (as proposed by the technicians of the University of Granada), and the urgent award of the study contract.

Association of Friends of the Railroad District of Baza. Nº 10287 Registry of Associations of Andalusia