Day 9 November 1518, the ancient city of Vera nestled in the hill now called the Holy Spirit was the epicenter of a major earthquake, telluric movement that ended the life of 150 neighbors of the approximately 800 at that time they lived in the city.
Thanks to the meticulous work of municipal archivist, Manuel Caparrós, we know that the new Vera was built on a plain on the Fuente Chica less than a bowshot from its original location. So in the letter that Don Francisco de Castilla sent to King Carlos I report how it has to rebuild and repair Mojacar Vera after the destruction caused by the earthquake 1518. In this report minutely detailed, Don Francisco de Castilla delimits the walled square that will fit in one hundred forty houses for the people who are in the city, Besides the church, the audience, the Council, ovens necessary and convenient for the neighborhood square.
To commemorate this historic event, more him 50 Anniversary Art Festivals, Vera City Council approved in plenary declare 2018 'Year of Culture'. The two Commissions established for that purpose scheduled a series of events and activities that have been running throughout the year. As regards the V Centenario earthquake has developed a series of lectures, there are still two issued, as well as exhibitions and guided tours, they have wrapped the proposed consolidation works of the Holy Spirit Cerro already in full implementation phase and can be visited by the 'Late Works'.
Commemorative main events began in the morning of the last day 9, with the opening of a green space of homage and remembrance located in the Parque de la Rambla. Students of the three public schools in Vera: Catholic kings, Angel Haro and Cuatro Canos, They participated in this event, chaired by Mayor Vera, Felix Lopez, and the curator of the V Centenario, Jose Antonio Cano, by planting 150 cypresses in tribute to the 150 veratenses who lost their lives on the fateful earthquake.
Thereby, commemorative intense and continuing in the afternoon with a solemn Mass celebrated in the church of Our Lady of the Incarnation began, place where then César José Olivera Serrano, Scientist at the CSIC, Institute of History. Madrid, He gave a lecture 'The earthquake Vera 1518: a historical scientific vision '. (summary of the conference is attached drafted by Manuel Caparrós, Archivist of the City of Vera)
Late Night, a dramatized route was made, with personages of the time that part of the story of Vera, the Plaza del Hospital where participated Rodrigo Salas (Council clerk) and Alonso de Sepúlveda (earthquake survivor); the Plaza de Fernando V in which intervened Francisco de Castilla (Corregidor city) and Inigo Guevara (Mayor of Vera ); and the Plaza Mayor where the traveling teatralización with speeches by King Carlos I and Pope Leo X was closed, both key figures in the construction of the new Vera.
To close the historic act, to 22:30 hours, the central act took place, which they were attended by more than 500 people, with the intervention in the Plaza Mayor Mayor Vera, Felix Lopez, and the President of Andalusia, Susana Díaz. Both made a wreath on the tombstone placed on the facade of City Hall. Later, and after a minute of silence accompanied by the interpretation of the violoncello 'The birdsong', It was projected onto the facade of the parish church with a video simulation and recreation earthquake 9 November 1518. The parish choir sang 'Signore delle Cime', song dedicated to those killed in the mountains, and 'Death is not the end'.
Summary of the conference "The earthquake Vera 1518: a historical view ', produced by Manuel Caparrós, municipal archivist of the City of Vera
FRIDAY, 9 NOVEMBER: OLIVERA JOSE SERRANO CÉSAR. (Scientist at the CSIC, Institute of History. Madrid). Vera earthquake 1518: a historical view César Olivera Serrano Doctor in History from the Autonomous University of Madrid (1984). He has been Professor of Medieval History at the Autonomous University of Madrid (1999-2001) and the Department of Medieval History at the Complutense University of Madrid (1988-1999); postdoctoral fellow CSIC (1987-1988). Visiting Professor at the University of Piura (Peru, 1985).
Lines of investigation:
His publications deal with various issues of political history of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and international relations, Portuguese-Castillian relations, history of Cortes, History of Galicia, castellología, etc.. Current situation: Scientist at the CSIC (Superior Council of Scientific Investigations) from 2001, Institute of History (Madrid). Publications: 25 magazine articles, 33 collaborations in collective works, 3 reviews and 3 books.
Oliver Serrano conference is part of the numerous activities that took place during the day on 9 November 2018.
His presentation was based on giving a thorough explanation of the causes and consequences that came together in the numerous seismic events that occurred in the Italian and Iberian Peninsula during the XV and XVI, more specifically in the kingdom of Granada, and, as a result of this instability, external political relations with regard to the Turkish Empire which resulted.
The origin of interest by the earthquake researcher Vera came for meeting and commissioned a work for the National Geographic Institute. It was to complete as far as possible the historical series of earthquakes suffered in Spain. His mission took him to the richest reef historical documentary on this subject, kept in the archives of Simancas and the National Library, without documents that were already listed in the Municipal Archives Vera. The transcription of these documents became our researcher in the first to investigate in detail the earthquake Vera 9 November 1518. Many later researchers, to expand their conclusions, They cited and cited his work even today, its work flagwoman.
In the first part of the conference he showed an interested audience geographical location of earthquake epicenters of Spain and its causes, meeting in the eastern and southern coasts of the peninsula its most obvious nuclei, result of the collision of the Eurasian plates and African. This characteristic seismicity and volcanism led to the description of numerous human tragedies experienced by tremors. Examples of similar episodes in the kingdom of Granada during those fifteenth and sixteenth centuries allow us to appreciate the similarity to Vera. previous sources, Muslim, also they record these geological frictions, but more sparingly than in descriptions of Christian documentary sources.
Vera suffered from the earthquake 1518, whose disastrous consequences were accentuated by the high slope of the hill of the Holy Spirit in the old Muslim city of old Vera he was, the mayor of Vera, Inigo Guevara, Quake survivor, council and other authorities, begin sending letters to the Council of the Chamber of Castile in order that the monarch (Vera was a land of realengo, so the king was responsible for its existence and maintenance), Carlos I, send immediate aid for the reconstruction of the City of Vera. Finally, as we all know, The city is built of new plant, the new Vera, the valley, built "at a distance of less than a crossbow shot" from where it used to be located, being the mayor of Baza and the rest of the Region, Don Francisco de Castilla y Zúñiga, noble and poet, very colorful character than is necessary to know more through research, the person appointed to design the Renaissance fortified city wall composed, eight towers, two doors, hospital, fortress church, etc., that we all now know.
After the earthquake monarchs are very clear that the attacks of the Turkish Empire and of marque acquired by some well-known characters, as Redbeard, They will begin to be a serious danger to the safety of their Christian kingdoms. whips, tiny but agile ships when attack from ports in the Maghreb, They will result in true moments of terror in the southern Spanish coast. Rescuing captives will mean for the enemies of the kingdom of Granada a gourmand source of income and a real challenge for the Spanish monarchs, whose plan to counter these violent attempts will conquer many squares and North African ports from which neutralize the output of those vessels laid course towards the Iberian Peninsula.
Those circumstances for residents of Vera, for the brave who dared to stay after the earthquake (if they fled lost all right to possess the land which had touched them luck in the famous divisions of land and water of the places conquered in southern Spain), They assumed that their daily life was more painful, if it fits, because until the construction of the new city in huts malvivieron, shops or the very ruins of the ancient city, Coastal suffering continuous pirate attacks, such as 1522, keenly looking forward to the completion of the works of fortification of the new city of Vera.