The Education, Culture and Sports has made refurbishment at this site, key to the study of Phoenician colonization in the Iberian Peninsula.
The Education, Culture and Sports, in collaboration with the municipality of Cuevas del Almanzora (Almería), open to public visit the archaeological site of Villaricos, where the Andalusian government has undertaken various refurbishment works.
Among the important heritage values which holds the archaeological site of Villaricos, highlights the broad chronological sequence having the settlement, dating back to the Bronze Age and remains inhabited until medieval times, including a small enclave Visigoth. Of great interest are the factories of salted fish and a necropolis area, which can be ascribed, almost entirely, the Punic period.
The assembly thus forms a prime location for the study and understanding of both the Phoenician and Punic civilizations and the romanization of Andalusia, presenting a great potential for historical research in Andalusia and the Iberian Peninsula.
The site is located on the left bank of the mouth of the river Almanzora and was excavated in the early twentieth century by Luis Siret. It is a very complex field where you have to distinguish different nuclei. First, can distinguish the ancient Phoenician and Punic foundation located in the northeast sector, (Phoenician settlement is in part under the current town of Villaricos).
For his part, the Roman city, extending from the edge of the preceding southwestern buildings towards the river Almanzora, is essential to explain the process of Romanization in Andalusia.
The necropolis area located north of the Phoenician and Punic settlements has extensive spatial and chronological extension, since the oldest tombs date back to the seventh century BC. This is monumental burials, rock-cut hypogeum. The rich grave goods in them documented, mainly dating from the V and III centuries. C, show the peak period experiencing the city right now.
Another area is clearly differentiated industrial area dedicated to fish salting factory, very important activity and unfolding on the waterfront. Studies indicate that operated from the late first century. until the fourth century A.C.
These last two areas, acquired by the State in the years 70 and subsequently transferred to the Andalusian, remain visible archaeological remains are being guided tours through the collaboration of the City of Cuevas de Almanzora, committed to the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage of the municipality.
Individuals wishing to visit should call your Caves Tourist Office (950548707) or in person at the tourist information points the Castle of Velez Blanco and the watchtower of Villaricos in their opening.